In addition to the studies listed here, we are always developing new projects, conducting small pilot trials, or publishing findings from past studies. Please check this page for updated information, and visit our Past Research Studies and Publications page to see if we have published new results.
Adapting Personalized Cognitive Counseling (PCC) to drinking in gay and bisexual men
Investigators: James W. Dilley, MD, Martha Shumway
Research Assistants: Emily Martin, Jaspreet Uppal, Lindsey Williams
PCC is an intervention originally developed to reduce high-risk sexual behavior in men who have sex with men by investigating how they rationalize engaging in risky behavior in the heat of the moment. By evaluating these rationalizations after the fact, men can discuss better ways to protect themselves in the future. We believe PCC may be effective in reducing binge drinking, since similar justifications have been shown to be predictive of both high-risk sexual behavior and binge drinking behavior. Additionally, PCC is similar to various cognitive behavioral therapy interventions proven to be effective in drug and alcohol treatment.
No study has been done to date to address binge drinking among gay and bisexual men in the context of reducing high-risk sexual behavior. We are currently conducting interviews to get a better understanding of gay and bisexual men’s thoughts and feelings about drinking. In determining effective ways to reduce binge drinking episodes, we hope to reduce the incidence of high-risk sexual behavior and HIV transmission withing the population.
Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness
Training for Lesbians and Queer Women
Investigators: Danielle Schlosser, PhD, James W. Dilley, MD, and Martha Shumway, PhD
Eating can become a habitual pattern, dissociated from internal cues of satiety. Eating in response to external cues, such as television ads or other media, and internal cues such as boredom and stress, can trigger weight gain. Mindless eating is common but has rarely been the focus of intervention.
Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training (MB-EAT) is a group intervention developed by psychologist Jean Kristeller that addresses mindless eating, stress-related eating, disordered eating patterns, and obesity through the application of mindfulness meditation. MB-EAT is informed by Jon Kabat-Zinn’s Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) work, and basic principles of food intake regulation. It employs mindfulness meditation, experiential eating exercises, didactic instruction, and self-reflection to cultivate mindful awareness and a more balanced and positive relationship to eating and weight. Multiple NIH-supported clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of MB-EAT in the general population. The intervention seems appropriate for lesbians and queer women, but has not been tested in this group.
This pilot study is evaluating the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of MB-EAT for lesbians and queer women. Twelve women will take part in thirteen 2-hour group meetings and monitor their activity levels using digital activity trackers. A variety of health, activity, and satisfaction outcomes will be measured.